Fall Gardening | What & When to Plant For the Best Results

Fall Gardening

Many gardeners do not even consider fall gardening because of the winter frosts that might make an early appearance.  However, fall gardening will result in excellent vegetables and will extend crops long after spring planted plants are finished. Vegetables produced from fall gardening are sometimes sweeter and milder than those grow in the summer. They also offer a brand new taste to the same old veggies.

What to Plant

What you choose to grow during your fall gardening will depend on your available space. And of course what you like to eat, just like spring plants. Even the crops that enjoy the heat, such as tomatoes, sweet potatoes, okra, and peppers, will produce until frosts hit. And, in Southern areas, this can happen pretty late in the year.  

However, there are some plants that will quit towards the end of summer like snap-beans, summer squash, and cucumbers. If you plant these vegetables around the middle of the summer you can harvest them until the first frosts as well. Hardy, tough vegetables will grow until the temperature is as low as 20 degrees, but those that aren’t as strong will only be able to grow through light frosts. Remember that if you have root and tuber plants and the freeze kills the tops, you can save the edible part if you use a large amount of mulch.

When fall gardening, make sure and pick the vegetables with the shortest growing season so you can harvest them before the frost arrives. Choose seed packages with the label “early season” or find the seeds boasting the fewest days to maturity. You may want to go after your seeds for fall gardening in spring or early summer. In this case, you have to store them in a cool and dry location until you are ready to plant.

Fall Gardening
Image by Couleur from Pixabay


When to Plant

In order to know exactly when the best time to start fall gardening, you must know about when the first hard frost will hit your area.  One of the best ways to tell this is by a Farmer’s Almanac. They will give you exact dates and are rarely wrong. You will also need to know exactly how long it is going to take your plants to mature.

To get your soil ready for fall gardening you must first remove any leftover spring/summer crops and weeds.  Crops leftover from the last season can end up spreading bacteria and disease if left in the garden. Spread a couple of inches of compost or mulch over the garden area to increase the nutrients, however, if spring plants were fertilized heavily it may not need much if any.  Till the top layer of soil, wet it down, and let it sit for about 12-24 hours. Once this has been done, you are ready to start planting.

Many gardeners will run from fall gardening so they don’t have to deal with frosts. However, if you choose to plant tough, sturdy vegetables they can withstand a few touches of frost and give you some wonderful tasting produce.  Fall gardening gives you the chance to enjoy your vegetable garden for at least a little bit more time.


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